|Title||LEGENDRE, JACOBI, AND RICCATI TYPE CONDITIONS FOR TIME SCALE VARIATIONAL PROBLEM WITH APPLICATION|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Authors||HILSCHER R., ZEIDAN V.|
|Journal||Dynamic Systems and Applications|
|AMS Subject Classification||39A12, 49K99|
A time scale quadratic problem J with piecewise right-dense continuous coefficients and one varying endpoint is considered. Such problems are “hybrid”, since they include mixing of continuous- and discrete-time problems. A new notion of a generalized conjugate point involving “dynamic” (hybrid) systems and comprising as special cases those known for the continuous- and discrete-time settings is introduced. A type of a strengthened Legendre condition is identified and used to establish characterizations of the nonnegativity and positivity of J in terms of (i) the nonexistence of such conjugate points, (ii) the natural conjoined basis of the associated time scale Jacobi equation, and (iii) a solution of the corresponding time scale Riccati equation. These results furnish second order necessary optimality conditions for a nonlinear time scale variational problem. Furthermore, we present an example of an optimal impulsive control problem and we show how this problem can be reduced to a variational problem over a time scale.