|Title||BLOW-UP IN SOME ORDINARY AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS WITH TIME-DELAY|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||CASAL ALFONSOC, J. DIAZ ILDEFONSO, VEGAS JOSEM|
|Journal||Dynamic Systems and Applications|
|AMS Subject Classification||34K05, 34K12, 34K40, 35B05, 35B30, 35B40, 35B60, 35B65, 35K55|
Blow-up phenomena are analyzed for both the delay-differential equation (DDE) u ′ (t) = B ′ (t)u(t − τ), and the associated parabolic PDE (PDDE) ∂tu = ∆u + B ′ (t)u(t − τ, x), where B : [0, τ] → R is a positive L 1 function which behaves like 1/ |t − t ∗ | α , for some α ∈ (0, 1) and t ∗ ∈ (0, τ). Here B′ represents its distributional derivative. For initial functions satisfying u(t ∗ − τ) > 0, blow up takes place as t ր t ∗ and the behavior of the solution near t ∗ is given by u(t) ≃ B(t)u(t − τ), and a similar result holds for the PDDE. The extension to some nonlinear equations is also studied: we use the Alekseev’s formula (case of nonlinear (DDE)) and comparison arguments (case of nonlinear (PDDE)). The existence of solutions in some generalized sense, beyond t = t ∗ is also addressed. This results is connected with a similar question raised by A. Friedman and J. B. McLeod in 1985 for the case of semilinear parabolic equations.